While X-rays give detailed pictures of bones, Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) reveals disease in soft tissue. Patients lie inside a huge magnet, and a tuned radio wave pulses harmlessly through coils around their body. The resulting signals from the hydrogen nuclei in the body can then be decoded to reveal an image slice through the brain, spine, joints or organs.
Peter Mansfield (1933- ), working at the University of Nottingham, was the first person to produce a useful image using MRI and he received a Nobel Prize in 2003.
MRI scanners are now commonplace in hospitals around the world and are widely used in the diagnosis, treatment and follow up of cancer, as well as many other conditions.
- University of Nottingham
- Key Individuals
- Peter Mansfield,