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Stem-cell

finding the blueprint for all human cells East Anglia,

Four images showing a pipette injecting round dots into a cell.
Injection of mouse embryos with embryonic stem cells. Wellcome Library, London.

Martin Evans (born 1941) conducted pioneering work at University of Cambridge on stem cells, the ‘parent’ cells of all the 200 or so cell types in the body. 

In the 1980s Evans used mouse embryos to extract and grow embryonic stem cells, paving the way for ‘gene targeting’. This enabled scientists to study the role of individual genes in development, health and disease. 

His research would, among other things, inspire the work to create Dolly the cloned sheep and efforts to use stem cells for spinal repair, treatments for heart attacks and more besides. 

Science Museum

Decade
Type
Biology,
Region
East Anglia
Location
University of Cambridge
Key Individuals
Martin Evans,